Browse Exhibits (3 total)

Pastorelas: Past and Present (Pastorelas: Pasado y Presente)

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Pastorelas are plays that recreate the biblical passages where shepherds follow the Star of Bethlehem to find the Christ Child despite continued interference of Satan and his minions. These plays were used as a tool by the Franciscan monks to indoctrinate the native peoples of the Americas to Christianity in the 16th Century. Today, pastorelas are also used to describe and convey modern world issues such as immigration, socio-economic disparity, and even fake news.

Pastorelas were commonly an oral tradition, rarely being transcribed to paper. However, the Benson Latin American Collection holds a beautifully written and illustrated pastorela from 1853, possibly a one-of-a-kind item.

This digital exhibit highlights that rare item, El triunfo de Jesús contra la lengua del diablo : pastorela en cuatro actos por Manuel Antonio Zayas from 1853, available at the Rare Books and Manuscripts Room of the Benson Collection. It will also highlight other items from the Benson Collection that support and give more context to the exhibit.

The audience for this digital exhibit would include anyone interested in Latin American Studies, Language, Religious Studies, Archives, History, and Theater.

Multiple themes include religion, indoctrination, performance art, good vs. evil, and immigration.

Las pastorelas son obras de teatro que recrean pasajes bíblicos donde los pastores siguen la Estrella de Belén para encontrar al Niño Jesús a pesar de la continua interferencia de Satanás y sus secuaces. Estas obras de teatro fueron utilizadas como una herramienta por los monjes franciscanos para catequizar a los pueblos originarios de las Américas en el siglo XVI. Hoy en día, las pastorelas se utilizan también para describir y transmitir temas actuales, como la inmigración, la disparidad socioeconómica e incluso las noticias falsas.

Las pastorelas eran comúnmente una tradición oral y pocas veces se registraban en papel. Sin embargo, la Colección Latinoamericana Benson tiene una pastorela bellamente escrita e ilustrada de 1853, posiblemente un ejemplar único en su tipo.

Esta exposición digital destaca esta obra de teatro, El triunfo de Jesús contra la lengua del diablo: pastorela en cuatro actos de Manuel Antono Zayas de 1853, preservado en la Colección Benson. También destacará otros materiales de la Colección Benson que respaldan y dan más contexto a la exhibición.

El público de esta exhibición digital incluiría a cualquier persona interesada en Estudios Latinoamericanos, Lengua, Estudios Religiosos, Archivos, Historia y Teatro.

Entre otros temas, serviría para discutir la religión, el adoctrinamiento, el arte de performance, el bien contra el mal y la inmigración.

Citation: Borrego, Gilbert, curator. (2018). Pastorelas: Past and Present. https://utlibrariescollectionhighlights.omeka.net/exhibits/show/pastorelas

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Satire After the Young Turk Revolution: Cartoons from Kalem Magazine, 1908

“Satire After the Young Turk Revolution” highlights some of the most poignant political cartoons from the first two months’ of the bilingual Ottoman Turkish-French weekly Kalem magazine’s run.

This was a particularly tumultuous time in the history of the late Ottoman Empire as it grew closer to its transition into the Turkish Republic. The cartoon images have been selected for this exhibit because of their accessible meaning, illustration of the top issues of the time period, and aesthetic value. Kalem magazine was chosen for this exhibit because it represents UT Libraries’ rare Ottoman collections that are ripe for digitization to increase access for the public.

This exhibit will be of interest to those fascinated by pre-WWI Europe, the Ottoman Empire, satirical and political cartoons, and French publications in the Middle East. It will be of particular interest to researchers and students of the Middle East, early 20th century Europe, and popular art and literature across cultures.

The print magazine is available at the Perry-Castañeda Library at UT Austin and through the Center for Research Libraries. An incomplete digital copy (issues 2 - 40) can be found through the HathiTrust Library. It is hoped that a full-color and complete digital copy of Kalem magazine will be available as an initiative of the Middle East Materials Project of the Center for Research Libraries.

Citation: Correa, Dale, curator. (2019). Satire After the Young Turk Revolution: Cartoons from Kalem Magazine, 1908. https://utlibrariescollectionhighlights.omeka.net/exhibits/show/kalemcartoons

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Soviet Pamphlets: Revolution and War

Political pamphlets played an important role in Soviet propaganda and education efforts, as they provided an easy-to-print and low-cost method for disseminating information to Soviet citizens. These pamphlets ranged across many different subjects, promoting literacy among peasants, biographical sketches of popular figures such as Lenin, and pamphlets such as these, which cover a variety of topics related to the Soviet revolutions and military. The pamphlets include literacy manuals for soldiers, descriptions of the experiences of a war correspondent, and a booklet addressing the question of whether the Tsar’s family were still alive. Items highlighted in this exhibit  will be of interest to researchers and patrons interested in Russian history, the development of Soviet communism, and, of continued contemporary interest, the use of propaganda to shape public opinion.

This exhibit aims to highlight this broad spectrum of pamphlets tied together by their military themes, illuminating the commonalities between them while also showing how the Soviet government utilized print--often with striking graphics interspersed with the text--to further its agendas, whether they be educational and for the good of its citizens (as in the case of the pamphlets promoting literacy among soldiers) or aimed at bolstering military might, as in the case of the pamphlet encouraging youth to enroll in military schools. While the documents displayed here date from 1917 through to the early 1930s, the way in which they highlight the use of media to promote a state’s agenda is relevant to a broader discussion of how governments use information to influence their citizenry.

The items featured here are physically housed in the UT Libraries’ Library Storage Facility. They can be requested for pick-up through the UT Libraries catalog, and can be viewed digitally at the links provided on the other pages of the exhibit.

Citation: Goodale, Ian, curator. (2019). Soviet Pamphlets: Revolution and War https://utlibrariescollectionhighlights.omeka.net/exhibits/show/soviet-pamphlets

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